Decarbonizing the trucking industry and the intensive transport industry
In 2020, the study on the techno-economic potential of the development of Québec’s hydrogen sector and its potential for the energy transition (TEQ), reports that the major part of Québec’s CO2 emissions come from the transport sector. With 43% of the emissions, the transport industry is responsible for 34 MT released per year. Half of them is coming from the intensive transport sector.
Following is an estimate of the CO2 emissions for a taxi, a hybrid bus and a class 8 truck :
- Taxi : 14 T/an
- Hybrid bus : 63 T/an
- Class 8 truck : 100 T/an
As societies get into electrification to decarbonize this industry, the limits of the use of batteries for heavy-duty and intensive transport are starting to show.
Indeed, because of embedded dead weight, limited autonomy and charging delay; batteries on their own, do not represent an overall solution for heavy-duty transport in the transition from fossil fuels.
However, hydrogen fuel cells provide a better autonomy and refill time, offering similar condition of use to diesel. Chances are, this solution is well adapted to the long haul as a replacement for diesel.
Hydrogen-powered trucks, the early stage
The high interest for fuel cell-powered trucking industry is driven by manufacturers’ early stage of development.
In 2020, Corean OEM Hyundai started renting seven of their ’XCient Fuel Cell’s models to Swiss carriers. Thanks to 32 kg embedded reservoirs of hydrogen, these class-8 trucks are able to run for 400 kilometres on full-carrying capacity. Toyota, in conjunction with Hino, is developing two hydrogen heavy-duty trucks. One version will be for the North American market and another one for the Japanese market. Despite recent turbulence in its board of directors, the American start up Nikola keeps testing their class 8-hydrogen truck and commercialization is expected for 2022.
As exposed by Professor Philippe A. Tanguy, from Polytechnique University of Montreal, ‘Decarbonizing 10% of heavy-duty in Québec (8600 trucks) would require 90 kT/year of green hydrogen.’
Also, a pilot project of 10 MW (1420 T/year of H2) would provide enough energy to power a fleet of 142 heavy-duty trucks, corresponding to 5,61 ML/year of diesel. At the end, it is 14,8 kT/year of CO2 that would be avoided.
Following are the impacts for a 10 MW pilot project, and corresponding kT of avoided CO2 emissions.
Trucks are opening the road !
The hydrogen-powered trucking industry is buzzing and could be an opener for the deployment of hydrogen refilling infrastructure. Since energy transition for this industry is calling for a different source of power, a main challenge remains: how are we going to deploy the web of distribution for hydrogen? Because of its internal particularities, the trucking sector is offering an opportunity for the growth of the infrastructure. First, the predictability of regular travels makes it possible to calculate in advance where and at what time to refill with hydrogen. Second, the truckers can have the possibility to refill at public and private refill stations.
For instance, having a pump outside of warehouses provides carriers a source of green hydrogen within reach. By having inward source of green hydrogen, carriers will be able to refill heavy-duty trucks.
Hydrolux, producer, distributor and partner for the deployment of green hydrogen
Hydrolux acts as a partner in the deployment of the infrastructure since our mission is to help companies in the integration of green hydrogen in their overall transporting activities.
From the start, where a refill station is installed to the distribution of green hydrogen, Hydrolux helps its clients to make the transition without impacting their operating activities. The artificial Intelligence developed by Hydrolux forecasts the demand for green hydrogen and mitigates the challenge of storage and distribution to the transport industry.
Hydrolux also provides a solution in the energy transition : making sure hydrogen delivered to the pumps is 100% green. Our model of decentralized production with electrolysis of water, offers green hydrogen with a reasonable price for the trucking industry. Our objective is to make it available in the busiest parts of Québec as well as in more rural areas.
A storable and transportable solution with a competitive price which becomes a real competitor to fossil fuels.
- Transition Énergétique Québec.
- Le Point. L’hydrogène oui, mais pour les poids lourds